Dead In The Water
Monday 12:10 am 15 April 1912.
The damage is done. After an inspection of Titanic's lower decks by Captain Smith and the ship's builder, Thomas Andrews. A hurried consultation reveals that the first five watertight compartments of the ship have been breeched by the iceberg.
What does this mean? Thomas Andrews explains that Titanic was built to float with any three watertight compartments flooded, She could even stay afloat with the first four compartments gone. But, with the damage located where it was - the breech ran two feet into the fifth compartment - boiler room 6.
The bulkhead between this boiler room and the next one, aft - number 5 - only extended as high as E-deck. The weight of the forward flooded compartments would pull the bow of the ship down far enough to allow the water to overflow into the next compartment the then the next steadily flooding the entire ship.
Titanic was doomed to sink. How much time was left? Andrews, after calculations, informes the Captain that the ship had "perhaps two hours to live - no more".
Captain Smith quickly orders the senior officers to make the lifeboats ready to receive the women and children. He is fully aware that there are not nearly enough lifeboats to rescue everyone. God willing, another ship can come to their rescue in time.
He goes to the wireless room, aft of the bridge and informs the two operators to send out the standard call for assistance C Q D "Come Quick Distress". He gives them the ship's last position.
Returning to the bridge he informs the senior engineer, Mr. Bell to shut down the boilers and reduce the steam pressure to avoid an explosion of the cold ocean on these hot boilers. Steam is kept up to provide electricity for the wireless, lights and pumps.
Outside the Titanic the ship slowly drifts to a stop. As the steam is vented off through the four funnels the noise is defening. The officers are busy having the deck crew uncover the sixteen wooden lifeboats and having them cranked out over the side of the boat deck. A few passengers come out on deck curious as to the ship being stopped and the racket of the steam being vented.
Stewards are now pounding on cabin and stateroom doors to wake passengers and informing them to come on deck with their lifebelts on. It was all bewildering - "wasn't Titanic unsinkable? Why all this fuss. It's much too cold out here on deck. We're going back inside where its warm!"
Those in the Third Class accommodations forward on the lower decks already know their was trouble. In the rest of the ship - that faint grinding jar of hitting the iceberg was a tremendous roar and sound of wrenching steel plates! Water quickly began flooding the floors of these spartin quarters on F-deck forward.
The single men accommodated there quickly dressed and tried to save their few possessions before the quickly rising water made it impossible.
The mighty Titanic was now dead in the water. Never to move again under her own power.
The ship that was hearlded by the builders as "practicably unsinkable" was now filling with water and would, in fact, sink to the bottom of the sea!
Morning - April 10, 1912
11:45 A.M.: The Titanic blows horns and signals imminent departure.
12:05 P.M.: Lines are cast off and Titanic began her maiden voyage and sails for Cherbourg, France
April 10 - 5:30 pm
Arrives Cherbourg, picks up more passengers
April 10 - 8:30 pm
Picks up anchor and sails for Queenstown
April 11 - 11:30 pm
Arrives Queenstown, picks up more passengers
April 12 & 13
Travels though calm waters
Warnings of Icebergs Ahead
April 14 - 11:40 pm
April 14 - 11:50 pm
Water had poured in and risen 14 feet in the front part of the ship
April 15, 1912 - 02:20 am.
Titanic fully submerged and sinking down to eternity